What goes into returning an “exotic pet” to the wild?

Wild animals do not do well in captivity.

Captors often deprive animals of a suitable living environment and adequate food, preventing them from behaving as they would in the wild. Before they can be released, veterinarians and wildlife keepers must restore them to health and wild nature.

Most of the Lori have been surrendered by community members and rescued from illegal trade. Natural Resources Conservation Agency (BKSDA) In the West Java region. He has since undergone lengthy rehabilitation at the IAR’s Primate Rehabilitation Center in Bogor, Siapas, West Java Province.

It is the largest rescue center for slow lorises and the only one in Indonesia specializing in their rehabilitation and release. To date, he has rescued more than 1,000 loris, returning more than 670 to the wild in the last 14 years.

Before being released back into the wild, the lorises underwent rehabilitation and treatment to stimulate their natural behavior. Beginning with medical examinations and time in quarantine, their behavior is also observed until they are deemed healthy and ready to move into housing and then ready for eventual release. become

During the habituation of the lories, the team in the field will observe and record changes in their behavior for two to four weeks, said veterinarian Nurpurba Prambada.

Leaving Lori back in the woods

Larissas are placed in walls with plastic fiber sheets and netting at the release site. The walls provide them with a good diversity of trees and plants that provide natural food sources.

“The habituation process enables the larks to adapt to their new habitat before they are given full freedom,” said an IAR field staff known as Neddy.

If, during the habituation period, all lories are active and do not exhibit any unusual behavior, they can eventually be released.

“The release operation I witnessed was done by a joint team of BKSDA West Java, IAR and local volunteers,” Neddy said. They drove the lorries in special cages to the jungle dwelling of Gunung Halimun Salk National Park.

Neddy said that after lories are released, there is still a long process to ensure they will survive in the wild. Each day, the team collects data on the slow lorises’ progress in the habituation enclosure.

“Teams are on the mountain every night,” Neddy said. “They provide food and collect slow loris scat for research.”

Released on good behavior

If the animals show good natural behavior such as foraging, adapting to their new environment and being able to survive, they can only be released.

After their final release from the wild habitat, the loggerheads will be monitored for approximately six months to ensure that they are successfully fending for themselves. To facilitate monitoring, lories are equipped with satellite collars.

A team member explained that the radio collar has a signal range of three kilometers. This would transmit a signal that the receiver would then pick up to measure the distance between the slow-motion and the monitoring team.

Team members track each animal in the wild on a daily basis, recording its physical condition, behavior, food supply and living conditions.

Javan sloths are often found outside their natural habitat, looking for food or shelter in agricultural areas such as coffee and rubber plantations, bamboo forests and settlements, Neddy said.

“Then poachers can go in and take them off those trees, put them in crates and send them to the wildlife trade,” Neddy said. “It happens at any time of the year and at any age or gender. It’s really scary, and the numbers are just falling.

Social media is spreading animal cruelty.

The illegal wildlife trade has been fueled in recent years by the popularity of YouTube videos depicting loons as exotic pets.

But this internet craze has resulted in thousands of species being poached from the wild and sold illegally on the streets or in animal markets. And to make wild primates easier to handle, traders clip their tusks, which can often lead to their death from anemia or infection.

In the forest, loons slowly pick their way through the branches in search of tree sap and insects. This is in stark contrast to how they are usually kept in captivity where they are awake all day eating fruit for sale at the animal market.

This treatment is torture for Lori. Bright lights damage their sensitive eyes, and a diet full of fruit can lead to obesity, tooth decay, diabetes and kidney failure.

The Javan slow loris is one of the most endangered species in the Nycticebus genus. It is endemic to the Indonesian island of Java, which has 141 million people and one of the highest human population densities in the world, greatly limiting the island-wide distribution of the Javan slow loris.

Protecting the natural habitat

In addition to poaching and illegal trade, wildlife in Java has suffered natural habitat loss over the past decades that threatens the lori population.

Deforestation in Java is only a small percentage of the total deforestation in Indonesia, an archipelago of thousands of islands. But habitat loss is a major threat to lorries’ survival. The expansion of smallholder farms, large-scale monoculture plantations and infrastructure, which have helped Indonesia achieve economic growth, has resulted in deforestation and loss of 2,500 hectares per year over the past 25 years. The forest area on the island of Java currently accounts for only 24 percent of the island’s land area, which is just over 128,000 square kilometers.

Hunting or capturing sloths in the wild is cheaper and easier than rehabilitating and returning them to the wild, said Robitot Al-Hada, IAR Indonesia’s program manager in Bogor.

“Rescue and rehabilitation requires a lot of effort and funding to ensure that individuals are fit to be released into their natural habitat,” Huda said. Processes and steps are also time-bound and conform to strict operational procedures. Habitat assessment at release sites, housing and post-release monitoring to ensure adaptation and long-term survival are processes that must be strictly followed to best allow lors to thrive back into the wild. Opportunity can be provided.

Hooda said people need to stop treating wild and endangered animals as pets.

Hooda said that based on the economic principles of supply and demand, buying lorikeets as pets directly contributes to promoting the illegal trade. “Hence, the hunt will continue as long as there is demand. For this reason, we strongly urge the public to never buy or keep sloth lors as pets, as this is tantamount to exploiting them. Is.

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