7 Samoyed Health Issues You Should Know Before Getting One

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Information is current and up-to-date according to the latest veterinary research.

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Samoyeds It is a popular breed of dog due to its cute appearance and lively personality. These dogs love to spend time around humans and other animals, making them great companions for all types of people.

Samoyeds are generally considered a healthy breed with a lifespan of 12-14 years, if not longer. However, there are several health problems that this breed can experience.

This article provides you with a list of the most common Samoyed health problems that you should be aware of. Keep them in mind before choosing a Samoyed as your new family member.

Divider Dog Claw. 7 health problems

1. Uveodermatologic syndrome

A common health problem in Samoyeds is uveodermatologic syndrome (UDS). This problem is caused by eye inflammation, skin discoloration and graying of hair. In severe cases, Samoyeds with this problem can experience various eye diseases that can eventually lead to blindness.

Dogs suffering from UDS will exhibit the following symptoms:

  • Red/cloudy eyes
  • to tear
  • Localized vitiligo (mainly on the nose, lips and corners of the eyes)
  • Retinal detachment
  • Cataracts
  • Glaucoma
  • blindness

This health problem in Samoyeds is treatable, but an affected dog will likely require lifelong treatment to maintain its health, and early intervention is critical for good outcomes.

Doctor checking the eyes of a Samoyed dog.
Image credit: Hedgehog 94, Shutterstock

2. Eye problems

In addition to UDS, Samoyeds are prone to a variety of eye problems that can cause severe damage, some of which are not curable.

Retinal dysplasia

Retinal dysplasia in Samoyeds is mostly caused by genetic disorders, which is why these dogs require DNA screening. This health problem occurs when your retina, which is located at the back of the eye, develops abnormal folds, eventually leading to vision loss and blindness. Unfortunately, there is no specific treatment for this problem. Some dogs can undergo gene therapy, but the results may not be successful.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

This disorder causes the photoreceptors within the dog’s retina to die, eventually leading to blindness. PRA is not curable, so all dogs with it will go blind at some point in their lives. However, there is also DNA screening for the disorder that reduces the chances of a newborn Samoyed puppy developing it.


Samoyeds are prone to developing several different types of cataracts, including posterior punctate and juvenile cataracts. Some of these problems are inherited, while older Samoyeds are at risk of developing age-related cataracts.

Treatment for cataracts in Samoyeds depends on the type of dog, some can be easily treated, while others cannot.


Samoyeds with distichiasis have eyelids that grow from the inner eyelid ducts, which is unusual. In some cases, these hairs can irritate your Samoyed’s eyes. In others, they will cause no harm and may even go unnoticed.

3. Heart problems

Samoyeds can experience various heart problems and abnormalities due to genetics.

Aortic Stenosis

Aortic stenosis is a congenital condition that can affect Samoyeds. The problem is present at birth, and because of the abnormalities, the dog’s heart needs to work harder than normal to supply blood to the body.

This health problem can eventually lead to death, so prompt treatment is essential. The actual treatment method may vary based on the severity of the problem. Some Samoyeds may require medication, while others may require surgery.

Pulmonic valve stenosis

Pulmonic valve stenosis is another congenital condition. Three different types of this problem can affect dogs, but all can eventually lead to heart failure. Treatment options vary based on the severity of the problem, but most Samoyeds with pulmonic valve stenosis require cardiac catheterization to open the narrowed valve.

The doctor is checking Samoyed's heartbeat.
Image credit: Hedgehog 94, Shutterstock

4. Hip/elbow dysplasia

Samoyeds can suffer from hip and elbow dysplasia, which can be passed on to their offspring. Therefore, these dogs need to be screened for both of these health problems.

  • Hip dysplasia: This problem occurs in many medium and large dog breeds, including Samoyeds. Hip dysplasia occurs when the ball and socket joint of the hip does not form correctly, leading to abnormal movement and wear of the joint, lameness and arthritis. In many cases, surgery is necessary to fix the problem and relieve your dog’s pain.
  • Elbow dysplasia: This is a common orthopedic problem in Samoyeds. Like hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia results from improper growth and development of the joint, but there are different components of the elbow that can be affected. Depending on the type and severity, elbow dysplasia may require medication or surgical treatment.

Responsible breeders of dogs with hip and elbow dysplasia will have their dogs scored before breeding to ensure that only healthy individuals are contributing to future generations. gave Canine Health Information Center Organizes this and many other health programs for breeders and pet owners.

5. Samoid hereditary glomerulopathy

A genetic defect that can occur in this breed. Samoid hereditary glomerulopathy. The condition is passed from mothers to their puppies, and can be fatal.

Common symptoms of Samoyed hereditary glomerulopathy include:

  • Excessive thirst
  • Excessive urination.
  • Poor appetite
  • vomit
  • cheapness
  • Deficiency of blood

There is no cure for this genetic condition, meaning it is important to screen Samoyed mothers to ensure they do not carry the gene. Fortunately, DNA testing is relatively inexpensive, so all responsible breeders should be able to show proof of test results.

An old Samoyed dog lying on the grass outside
Photo credit: Zina Pesnina, Shutterstock

6. Diabetes mellitus

This is common for middle-aged Samoyeds. Experience with diabetes mellitus. This problem can occur in dogs for a number of reasons, although in Samoyeds, it is mainly related to chronic inflammation of the pancreas.

Samoyeds with diabetes mellitus may experience the following:

  • Increased urination
  • Increased appetite
  • vomit
  • Weight loss
  • Dehydration
  • Infections
  • Poor coat health
  • Visits

This health problem cannot be cured, but Samoyeds with diabetes can still lead a normal life if they receive the necessary treatment and adapt their lifestyle to their condition.

7. Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism It is a condition that affects the thyroid gland and causes abnormal hormone levels to be produced. These hormones affect different parts of your dog’s body, including hair growth, weight regulation, and reproduction. Therefore, Samoyeds suffering from hypothyroidism are prone to infertility, hair loss and weight gain.

Depending on the severity of the problem, most dogs will need daily thyroid supplements to stay in good condition.

Silver Tipped Samoyed
Photo credit: Zina Pesnina, Shutterstock

The distribution dog


There are several different health problems that Samoyeds can experience. However, Samaveda is still there Considered a healthy dog ​​breed.As many of these conditions are not life-threatening, and can be controlled. Through genetic testing and other screening methods, the incidence of many of these health problems can be reduced with responsible breeding.

Featured image credit: Pixelshot, Shutterstock

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